Glossary of Terms

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) - Organization that serves as the body accrediting institutions and organizations that offer continuing medical education.

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) - An independent, not-for-profit, physician-led organization that sets and monitors the professional educational standards essential in preparing physicians to deliver safe, high-quality medical care to all Americans.

Activity Coordinator - Staff member assisting the faculty planner with the administrative and operational functions of the activity.

American Medical Association (AMA) - The largest association of physicians and medical students in the United States.

American Psychological Association (APA) - The leading scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States.

CME Administrative Lead - Staff member identified by departmental leadership to liaise with the central Office of Continuing Medical Education and Lifelong Learning and local CME staff. CME Administrative Leads participate in quarterly meetings, receive targeted training, and are expected to act as a departmental CME resource.

CME Faculty Lead - Faculty member selected by the Department Chair to identify, prioritize, and oversee all CME offerings within the department. The faculty lead is a member of the medical school CME advisory committee.

Commercial Interests - Any entity producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing healthcare goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. Providers of clinical service directly to patients are not usually considered commercial interests. Commercial interests cannot be joint providers of a CME activity.

Continuing Medical Education (CME) - Educational activities which serve to maintain, develop, or increase the knowledge, skills, and professional performance and relationships that a physician uses to provide services for patients, the public, or the profession.

Conflict of Interest - When individuals have both a financial relationship with a commercial interest and the opportunity to affect the content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest.

Conflict of Interest (COI) Manager - A designated individual without a conflict of interest assigned to review educational content of individuals with potential conflicts of interest to ensure presentations are free from commercial bias and balanced in content.

Continuing Education (CE) - A broad term that encompasses all types of ongoing learning across disciplines and professions.

Co-Planner - Any individual assisting the faculty planner with the educational planning, content delivery, and financial oversight of a CME activity.

Course - A single, live educational activity where participants attend in person. If a course is held multiple times for multiple audiences, then each instance is considered a separate course. Examples include annual meetings, quarterly meetings, conferences, and symposia.

Enduring Material - A printed, recorded, or computer-presented CME activity that may be used over time at various locations and which, in itself, constitutes a planned activity. Examples include web-based activities, archived webinars, monographs, podcasts, CD-ROMs, and DVDs.

Faculty Planner - Faculty member with a University of Michigan Medical School appointment responsible for educational planning, content delivery, and financial oversight of a CME activity.

Internet Live Course - An online course available at a certain time on a certain date and only available in real-time, just as if it were a course held in an auditorium. Once the course has taken place, participants may no longer engage in the activity. An example includes webcast.

Joint Providership - Providership of a CME activity by one or more accredited and one or more non-accredited organizations. This does not intend to imply that a joint providership relationship is an actual legal partnership.

Learning Objectives - Written, measurable statements indicating what the learner is expected to accomplish by expressing specific, short-range outcomes. Objectives are stated in behavioral or action-oriented terms.

Maintenance of Certification (MOC) - a scheme developed by the American Board of Medical Specialties where board certified by which physicians can demonstrate agreed standards of knowledge and performance to maintain existing board certification. Maintenance of Certification process is split into 4 parts:

  • Part I - Professionalism and Professional Standing - hold a valid and unrestricted medical license demonstrating continued professional behavior and conduct in the patient's best interest.
  • Part II - Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment - participate in continuing medical education, the quantity and focus of which is determined by each Member Board of the American Board of Medical Specialties.
  • Part III - Assessment of Knowledge, Judgment, and Skills - demonstrate an agreed standard of knowledge and performance by passing an assessment.
  • Part IV - Improvement in Medical Practice - demonstrate meaningful participation in quality (of care) improvement projects involving systematic measurement.

Marketing Materials - Any print or electronic communications developed to invite participation at a CME activity (i.e., email, invitation letter, brochure, flyer, website).

Non-Physician Participant - Any individual besides an MD, DO, or resident engaged in a CME activity.

Office of Continuing Medical Education and Lifelong Learning (OCME&LL) - The office within the University of Michigan Medical School charged with maintaining the school’s status as an accredited provider of continuing medical education and for designating credit for educational activities.

Participant - Any individual engaged in a CME activity.

Performance Improvement CME (PICME) - A CME activity by which evidence-based performance measures and quality improvement (QI) interventions are used in a three-step process to help physicians identify patient care areas for improvement and change their performance.

Planning Committee - A committee charged with assisting the educational planning, content delivery, and financial oversight of a CME activity.

Practice Gap - A gap between what the professional is doing or accomplishing compared to what is "achievable on the basis of current professional knowledge."

Quality Improvement (QI) - Formal approach to the analysis of performance and systematic efforts to improve it.

Regularly Scheduled Series (RSS) - An educational activity with multiple sessions occurring on an ongoing basis (i.e., weekly, monthly, quarterly), planned by and presented to our own faculty and staff. Examples include Grand Rounds, Tumor Boards, and M&M Conferences.

Relevant Financial Relationships - Financial relationships in any amount, which occurred in the twelve-month period preceding the time that an individual was asked to assume a role controlling content of the CME activity, and which relate to the content of the educational activity, causing a conflict of interest.

University of Michigan Medical School (UMMS) - The entity at the University of Michigan accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to offer credit for continuing medical education activities.